Sulawesi Language Alliance

Championing Local Languages in the Heart of Indonesia

Survey Reports

The series Sulang Language Data and Working Papers: Survey Reports is published by Sulawesi Language Alliance. The focus of a language survey can vary, from an initial description of a linguistically underdescribed area to assessing the vitality of a language that may be endangered. Other survey topics include comparing closely related speech forms (dialectology), investigating language behavior and attitudes in multilingual communities, and assessing bilingual ability across a community.

These survey reports are working papers, and updated versions may be posted from time to time. To submit a paper for inclusion in this series, see our guidelines on how to submit a resource.


Papers in this series are posted as PDF files. PDF files can be viewed or printed using the free Adobe Reader.

Please make sure you have read and agree to our terms and conditions of use before downloading any documents or other files from this page.


001 How Do You Slice the Pie? Ways of Looking at the Kaili Language Area of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
Abstract: The Kaili language area of Central Sulawesi comprises several speech varieties which are more or less closely related to each other, and which various researchers have parceled into from one to up to four or more languages. Beginning with Adriani’s 1898 overview of the languages of Central Celebes, through the 2009 edition of the Ethnologue, this armchair study compares and contrasts the differing views which researchers have taken toward the classification of Kaili languages, which has sometimes included the related Kulawi (Moma) language.
Year Published: 2014
Subject Language: Baras, Da’a Kaili, Ledo Kaili, Unde Kaili, Moma
Publication Language: English
Contributors: David Mead
002 Overview of Pamona Dialects (per Nicolaus Adriani)
Abstract: This paper gives an overview of the four principal and nine minor dialects of Pamona, as described by the Dutch linguist Nicolaus Adriani in 1914. Although Adriani’s description of Pamona dialects is approaching one hundred years old, a serious follow-up survey to verify or amend it has never been conducted, even though for the minor dialects Adriani often had to rely on minimal information. Since Adriani’s day, two dialects have been reclassified as separate languages, while a third is probably extinct. For many others we are still in need of fuller and more reliable information.
Year Published: 2012
Subject Language: Pamona
Publication Language: English
Contributors: David Mead

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