Sulawesi Language Alliance

Championing Local Languages in the Heart of Indonesia

How Do You Slice the Pie? Ways of Looking at the Kaili Language Area of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Resource File: 
The Kaili language area of Central Sulawesi comprises several speech varieties which are more or less closely related to each other, and which various researchers have parceled into from one to up to four or more languages. Beginning with Adriani’s 1898 overview of the languages of Central Celebes, through the 2009 edition of the Ethnologue, this armchair study compares and contrasts the differing views which researchers have taken toward the classification of Kaili languages, which has sometimes included the related Kulawi (Moma) language.
Sulang Language Data and Working Papers: Survey Reports
Series Number: 
Sulawesi Language Alliance
Year Published: 
Subject Language(s): 
Baras, Da’a Kaili, Ledo Kaili, Unde Kaili, Moma
ISO 639-3: 
brs, kzf, lew, unz, myl
Publication Language(s): 
Mead, David
Table of Contents: 
1 Introduction; 2 Kaili isolects; 3 Kaili classifications, past and present; 3.1 Adriani (1898); 3.2 Adriani and Kruyt (1914); 3.3 Kruyt (1938) ‘linguistic classification’; 3.4 Kruyt (1938) ‘anthropological classification’; 3.5 Wumbu et al. (1973); 3.6 Barr and Barr (1979); 3.7 Sneddon (1983); 3.8 Wumbu, et al. (1986); 3.9 The Ethnologue (2009); 4 Summary; 4.1 Kaili population estimates; 4.2 Kaili: The next steps; Postscript: The original reference of the term ‘Kaili’; References;
Version History: 
Version 1 [24 December 2010]  Version 2 [27 June 2014] In version 1 it was incorrectly stated that the Ethnologue listed Tado as a dialect of Da’a Kaili. The present version corrects that error and also updates certain conventions regarding how language names are cited.
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