Sulawesi Language Alliance

Championing Local Languages in the Heart of Indonesia

Concerning the Ligature in Bare’e and Some Related Languages

Resource File: 
The element nu—sometimes reduced to a nasal m, n, ng, etc.—is often inserted between the two elements of a compound in Pamona (Bare’e). Adriani relates this nu to anu ‘thing,’ a form which in various languages also serves as a formative in independent possessive pronouns (‘mine,’ ‘yours,’ etc.), as an indefinite pronoun, as a relative pronoun, and as an interrogative pronoun. According to the author, nu also bears relationships to the so-called ligazones of Philippine languages, and even to the nasal coda of the Malayo-Polynesian transitive verb prefix. The element nu (or one of the nasal allomorphs) is usual in most Bare’e compounds; compounds without nu reflect an older stage of the language.
Sulang Language Data and Working Papers: Translations from the Dutch
Series Number: 
Sulawesi Language Alliance
Year Published: 
Subject Language(s): 
Pamona, Tagalog, Visayan, Ibanag, Sangir
ISO 639-3: 
pmf, tgl, ceb, ibg, sxn
Publication Language(s): 
Adriani, Nicolaus
Mead, David
Adriani, N. 1897. Over het tusschenzetsel in het Baree en eenige verwante talen. Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 39:496–510. Original pagination is indicated by enclosing the page number in brackets, e.g. [p. 496].
Version History: 
 Version 1 [12 October 2010]
File Description: 
Scanned version of the original Dutch article
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